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Two important ideas in gearing are pitch surface area and pitch angle. The pitch surface area of a gear may be the imaginary toothless surface area that you would have got by averaging out the peaks and valleys of the individual teeth. The pitch surface area of an ordinary gear is the form of a cylinder. The pitch angle of a equipment is the angle between the encounter of the pitch surface area and the axis.

The most familiar types of bevel gears have pitch angles of significantly less than 90 degrees and therefore are cone-shaped. This type of bevel gear is named external since the gear teeth point outward. The pitch surfaces of meshed external bevel gears are coaxial with the apparatus shafts; the apexes of the two areas are at the idea of intersection of the shaft axes.

Bevel gears that have pitch angles of greater than ninety degrees have teeth that point inward and are called internal bevel gears.

Bevel gears that have pitch angles of exactly 90 degrees possess teeth that point outward parallel with the axis and resemble the points on a crown. That is why this type of bevel gear is called a crown gear.

Mitre gears are mating bevel gears with equal numbers of teeth and with axes at right angles.